Probiotics. Good bacteria and microorganisms for human health. Microscopic probiotics, good bacterial flora. Vector

The seemingly chaotic gut bacterial community is more organized than it appears and follows some of the same ecological laws that apply to birds, fish, tropical rainforests, and even complex economic and financial markets.

One of the main challenges faced by researchers studying the gut microbe is its enormous size and astonishing organizational complexity. Many trillions of bacteria {100 trillion}, representing thousands of different species, live in the human intestinal tract, interacting with each other and the ENVIRONMENT in countless and ever-changing ways. The variations of the gut microbial communities follow ecological principles and can help predict the biomarkers of disease and the effects of unhealthy eating.

The multiple principles of gut bacterial dynamics will help researchers understand what makes a gut germ healthy, how it can be disrupted in disease, in unhealthy diets to suggest ways to change the microbioma and improve health. biological processes governing {short-term and long-term} changes remain very little understood.

The researchers analyzed microbioma data in mice fed a 1} high-fiber diet and a 2} high-fat diet daily for several weeks. but these seemingly chaotic fluctuations followed ecological laws.

A healthy microbial gut is never really balanced and the number of a particular bacterial species on one day is never the same on the second day, and so on. It fluctuates, like stocks in a financial market or a number of animals in a valley, but these fluctuations are not arbitrary. these variations are always related to the number of bacteria.

The discovered laws of the gut microbioma follow the principles often observed in ecological animals and economic systems. There is a tendency when the intestinal bacteria are in ABLE to move SLOWLY and a tendency to APPEAR and DISAPPEAR into the microbioma at predictable times.

Columbia researchers have been able to identify specific bacterial species with abnormal fluctuations with wild-moving bacteria being associated with periods of bowel discomfort.

They also noticed that the germs associated with unhealthy diets high in FAT move significantly FASTER compared to the germs fed by healthier diets high in FIBER. This demonstrates that ecological laws can be applied to understand how dietary changes can affect and alleviate microbial instability.

SOURCE: Columbia University in Nature Microbiology 13/5/2020}.